LEARN ENGLISH ONLINE: How to speak English Fluently & Like a Native Speaker
Learn 500 Phrasal Verbs and idioms with us. They will help you speak well and more native. Leave a comment if you love my video.
LEARN ENGLISH ONLINE: How to speak English Fluently & Like a Native Speaker (Intermediate)
A. What are multi-word verbs ?
Multi-word verbs are verbs that combine with one or two particles
word verbs? (a preposition and/or an adverb).
I’m looking for my keys. Have you seen them? (verb + preposition)
Look out! There’s a car coming! (verb + adverb)
A snob is someone who looks down on people of a lower social class. (verb + adverb + preposition)
If the addition of the particle(s) changes the meaning of the verb, it is usually called a phrasal verb because it has the meaning of a phrase.
However, there are so many different types of phrasal verbs that it is easier to call all combinations of verb + particle(s) multi-word verbs.
B. Literal or non-literal Literal meaning?
– Literal meaning
Look at the following example, where the verb and particle keep their separate literal meaning.
Ex: He looked up and saw a plane.
Here the meaning of the verb and the particle have not changed.
He looked up = He looked + up (in the direction of the sky).
– Non-literal meaning
Sometimes the addition of the particle(s) creates a multi-word verb that has a different meaning.
He looked up all the new words in the dictionary.
In this sentence, look up = to find information in a reference book
► Phrasal Verbs EXAMPLE:
1. Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m starting to catch a cold.
(come down with)
►Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m coming down with a cold.
2. I think 1 caught my cold from Jim.
►I think 1 picked up my cold from Jim.
3. It’s very cold outside and your friend is about to leave without a coat. What do you say?
►You’d better put a coat on.
4. You have been invited to an important dinner party. You are not sure if you need to wear very smart clothes or not. What do you say?
►Do I need to dress up for the occasion?
5. Can you extinguish that cigarette, please?
►Can you put out that cigarette, please?
6. The alarm bell started ringing.
►The alarm bell went off.
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