TOP 500 Phrasal Verbs and Idioms must learn to speak like native speaker


Phrasal Verbs List: TOP 500 Phrasal Verbs and Idioms

A. What are multi-word verbs ?

Multi-word verbs are verbs that combine with one or two particles
word verbs? (a preposition and/or an adverb).

I’m looking for my keys. Have you seen them? (verb + preposition)

Look out! There’s a car coming! (verb + adverb)

A snob is someone who looks down on people of a lower social class. (verb + adverb + preposition)

If the addition of the particle(s) changes the meaning of the verb, it is usually called a phrasal verb because it has the meaning of a phrase.  However, there are so many different types of phrasal verbs that it is easier to call all combinations of verb + particle(s) multi-word verbs.

B. Literal or non-literal Literal meaning?

– Literal meaning
Look at the following example, where the verb and particle keep their separate literal meaning.

Ex: He looked up and saw a plane.

Here the meaning of the verb and the particle have not changed.
He looked up = He looked + up (in the direction of the sky).

– Non-literal meaning

Sometimes the addition of the particle(s) creates a multi-word verb that has a different meaning.

He looked up all the new words in the dictionary.
In this sentence, look up = to find information in a reference book

EXAMPLE English Phrasal Verbs

1. Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m starting to catch a cold.
(come down with)
Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m coming down with a cold.

2. I think 1 caught my cold from Jim.
(pick up)
I think 1 picked up my cold from Jim.

3. It took me a week to recover from my last cold.
(get over)
It took me a week to get over my last cold.

4. I really must reduce the amount I smoke.
(cut down on)
I really must cut down on the amount I smoke.

5. I smoke 20 cigarettes a day.
(get through)
I get through 20 cigarettes a day.

6. My weight has increased recently.
(put on)
I’ve put on weight recently.

7. I must stop eating chips.
(cut out)
I must cut out eating chips.

8. I’ve started playing golf as a hobby.
(take up)
I’ve taken up golf as a hobby.

9. I think I’m going to faint.
(pass out)
I think I’m going to pass out.

10. I recovered consciousness a few seconds later.
(come round)
I came round a few seconds later.
Watch video to learn more

Phrasal Verbs List

Phrasal Verbs List

TOP 500 Phrasal Verbs and Idioms must learn – Lesson 1


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