TOP 500 Phrasal Verbs and Idioms must learn to speak like native speaker
Phrasal Verbs List: TOP 500 Phrasal Verbs and Idioms
A. What are multi-word verbs ?
Multi-word verbs are verbs that combine with one or two particles
word verbs? (a preposition and/or an adverb).
I’m looking for my keys. Have you seen them? (verb + preposition)
Look out! There’s a car coming! (verb + adverb)
A snob is someone who looks down on people of a lower social class. (verb + adverb + preposition)
If the addition of the particle(s) changes the meaning of the verb, it is usually called a phrasal verb because it has the meaning of a phrase. However, there are so many different types of phrasal verbs that it is easier to call all combinations of verb + particle(s) multi-word verbs.
B. Literal or non-literal Literal meaning?
– Literal meaning
Look at the following example, where the verb and particle keep their separate literal meaning.
Ex: He looked up and saw a plane.
Here the meaning of the verb and the particle have not changed.
He looked up = He looked + up (in the direction of the sky).
– Non-literal meaning
Sometimes the addition of the particle(s) creates a multi-word verb that has a different meaning.
He looked up all the new words in the dictionary.
In this sentence, look up = to find information in a reference book
EXAMPLE English Phrasal Verbs
1. Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m starting to catch a cold.
(come down with)
Achoo! Oh dear. I think I’m coming down with a cold.
2. I think 1 caught my cold from Jim.
I think 1 picked up my cold from Jim.
3. It took me a week to recover from my last cold.
It took me a week to get over my last cold.
4. I really must reduce the amount I smoke.
(cut down on)
I really must cut down on the amount I smoke.
5. I smoke 20 cigarettes a day.
I get through 20 cigarettes a day.
6. My weight has increased recently.
I’ve put on weight recently.
7. I must stop eating chips.
I must cut out eating chips.
8. I’ve started playing golf as a hobby.
I’ve taken up golf as a hobby.
9. I think I’m going to faint.
I think I’m going to pass out.
10. I recovered consciousness a few seconds later.
I came round a few seconds later.
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